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A Not So Basic Preworkout

preworkout with nootropicsI’ll start this article off by stating the obvious—there are a ton of preworkouts, and plenty work very well. Unfortunately, most of them work by simply stimulating the central nervous system, failing to offer much else.

The first few times they’re great, but then tolerance sets in. This results in a workout plan that starts off productive but ultimately falters, with all of that focused and intense energy you brought to the gym taking a detour around exercise number two.

Before you know it you’re sucking at the last drops of preworkout left in your water bottle.

Exercise requires being present, and nothing ruins that more than a feeling of flatness sweeping over you as you try, and fail, to push yourself. That brings me to another very important aspect of fitness most preworkouts miss out on: improving the mind-muscle connection.

What is the Mind-Muscle Connection?

The idea of a mind-muscle connection finds its roots in “broscience”, but there is some evidence to back up its claim.

An informal study was performed on experienced bodybuilders with EMGs used to test whether load, cadence, and form dictate muscle activation, or whether it is possible to mentally focus neural drive towards specific, targeted muscles and away from others.

The results confirmed the idea of the connection between the brain and body. That’s why this stack of compounds is built around nootropics that can not only aid both physical and mental performance separately, but act to enhance the connection between them.

What’s Not In It

This mix will not include typical stimulants for a few reasons:

  1. Many people don’t respond well to them.
  2. To ensure you are able to work out for as long and intensely as you have to without having to worry about “burning out”.
  3. Some workouts you might not need the extra energy, but you will still need the focus and motivation this stack offers. You can always add a stimulant if you so desire.

This isn’t to say stimulants are bad, but saving them for when you truly need help can ensure you get the absolute most out of them when you need it. Plus, they may not be applicable to all situations. When I run, for example, being “stimmed” out of my mind usually results in a poor workout, but when I’m calm and focused on the task at hand I notice the miles tend to breeze by.

What’s In It?

Alpha GPC

Alpha GPC Skeletal Formula

Alpha GPC Skeletal Formula

Aside from its ability to increase focus [1], Alpha GPC has demonstrated possible effectiveness at increasing strength and growth hormone output (after 48 hours of fasting) [2], and potential to increase fat oxidation [3].

What makes this valuable is this acetylcholine precursor’s ability to increase the mind-muscle connection. When acetylcholine is released at the neuromuscular junction it crosses the synapses where it binds to receptors on the surface of muscle fibers, causing muscular contractions. The more this communication can be improved, the more muscle fibers you will be able to recruit resulting in better quality contractions and results.

There are less expensive acetylcholine precursors that can be substituted, like CDP Choline, but the true magic of Alpha GPC lies in its ability to improve self control and impulsiveness [4, 5]. If you’ve ever skipped one too many workouts, or ate a dozen donuts and forgot your diet, you understand how beneficial this can be.

Aniracetam

Aniracetam powder not only prevents the overly stimulated feelings sometimes associated with Alpha GPC, but it seems to keep strength consistent throughout workouts [6]. Some users actually report increased strength output during the later part of their workouts.

Aniracetam is also incredibly effective as an anxiolytic and mood enhancer, and this can make a big difference on those days when working out sounds too cumbersome, or if you’re one of the many people that have anxiety that’s directly related to being at the gym [7].

Citrulline Malate

Citrulline malate is a combination of the amino acid citrulline and malic acid. It increases energy levels by removing ammonia from the body. Basically, citrulline malate adds another level of anti-fatigue, allowing you to train harder and for longer periods of time. [8]

Beta Alanine

Beta alanine is an amino acid that combines with the amino acid histidine in muscle cells to form carnosine, which is critical for muscle strength. Carnosine is an acid buffer, and it prevents the rise in hydrogen ions during high intensity exercises. It staves off the dreaded lactic acid burn and prevents muscle fatigue, increasing the amount of work you can perform at high intensities [9].

Sulbutiamine

Sulbutiamine is a stimulant, but it doesn’t come with the typical unpleasant side effects. This nootropic improves motivation, focus, and energy by improving neuronal communication and transmission [10, 11]. It also improves motor coordination and resistance to muscular fatigue [12], and it acts as a potent mood enhancer [13].

Preworkout Stack Dosages

Alpha GPC: 300-600mg (fat-soluble) Take with food 90-120 minutes before your workout.

Aniracetam: 1-1.5g (fat-soluble) Take with food 90-120 minutes before your workout.

Some people become too relaxed from aniracetam during the “first half” of its effects, but it is short lived in the body and its metabolites typically reverse the overly calm feelings aniracetam induces [14].

Citrulline Malate: 6-8g Taken around 60 minutes before training.

Beta alanine: 2-5g Beta alanine can be taken all at once with citrulline malate before your workout, but large doses can result in an uncomfortable tingling feeling called paresthesia, and this can be avoided by taking smaller doses of 800mg-1g throughout the day.

Sulbutiamine: 300mg (fat-soluble) Taken with food around 60 minutes before training.

Sources

  1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21156078
  2. http://www.jissn.com/content/5/S1/P15
  3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22673596
  4. http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleid=175211
  5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20428999
  6. http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/7/921.full.pdf
  7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11597608
  8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20386132
  9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11911459
  10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10996447
  11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4059305
  12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10573727
  13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10858919
  14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9572910

 

A Review of Nootropics Use in Sports

nootropics athletics

Nootropics can help your athletic performance.

Most individuals take nootropic supplements to boost cognition, to improve their focus, to help them study for a test, and so on.  However, many athletes may be surprised to find that nootropics can help them to perform better physically.

It would make logical sense that a supplement that can improve focus and clarity would have a positive effect on the body’s response to physical activity. The better you can focus on the task at hand, the better you will perform. Certain nootropics even directly improve muscle contraction and growth.

Some nootropics like phenylpiracetam are so effective at improving athletic performance that they are banned from competitive sports; others are equally as effective and entirely fine to use for any sport. So how do nootropics work with your body to improve your athleticism?

How Nootropics Help Athletic Performance

nootropics soccer

Nootropics can help boost cognition, which can help you think on your feet.

Taking nootropics affects the brain’s levels of neurotransmitters, which helps the brain to connect with muscle tissue and send out signals.  Raising neurotransmitter levels can help the brain to communicate more efficiently with the rest of the body, and can improve reaction times by promoting a higher level of cognition.

Specifically, most nootropics increase acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter commonly known to improve memory and learning. However, acetylcholine also improves muscle control as well as balance. Mental and physical fitness are linked, and so a quicker and healthier brain produces faster reflexes and greater endurance.  The effects of individual nootropics on physical activity vary, however, so you will need to choose wisely.

Benefits of Different Nootropics in Sports

 

nootropics hockey

Nootropics can also help build muscle (so that you win a fight or two in hockey).

Alpha GPC has been linked to increased levels of growth hormone as well as quicker fat oxidation, meaning that it promotes muscle gains and helps to burn fat leading to improved physical performance and body composition [1].  Aniracetam, in addition to being more potent than other racetam supplements like piracetam, can help to reduce anxiety as well as increase focus [2]. 

Oxiracetam increases spatial learning, which helps your brain to improve physical coordination. Huperzine A prevents the breakdown of acetylcholine to improve memory and muscle control; it also increase alertness.

All of these nootropics will improve neuronal communication between the brain and body, but also have specialized individual effects.  With all of these options to choose from, it is a simple matter of picking a nootropic and seeing which is best for your sports performance.

Which Nootropics Are Right For You?

You may be curious about trying nootropics to improve physical performance, and there are many excellent choices out there.  Be careful of taking supplements that may be banned from a particular sport, but otherwise experiment and find what works best for you.

Weightlifters find Alpha GPC and Huperzine A 1% helpful in doses of 300mg and 10mg respectively, usually stacked together.  Other athletes may find aniracetam and oxiracetam useful in doses around 750mg two times per day.  Find the stack or single supplement that works best for you, and enjoy greater athletic success!

Sources

  1. http://www.nutritionjrnl.com/article/S0899-9007(12)00089-5/
  2. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014299901010056

Nootropics and Creativity: How to Safely Boost your Artistic Side

Nootropics and Creativity

Whether you’re looking to kickstart your novel, paint the next Mona Lisa, or devise a brilliant business plan for your new start-up, creativity is important. It is also no secret that creativity can be a notoriously fickle thing—completely there one day, then gone the next.

It seems like sometimes no matter how devoted you are, no matter how hard you try, there’s just nothing there and everything you try to think up comes out feeling flat. Here’s where nootropics can offer you a quick edge.

Since nootropics are a class of smart drugs designed to benignly tweak your brain performance, there’s a good chance that there’s one out there that will pluck your creativity strings just the right way. Take a look at some of the best compounds for giving you an artistic boost when your muse just refuses to show up.

Aniracetam

Aniracetam is the next step up from Piracetam on the ladder of nootropics. It also produces very distinct effects. It’s cited as the best anti-anxiety nootropic, and as a nootropic that enhances creativity. How exactly does it accomplish this?

First off, Aniracetam is an AMPA modulator. This fact means that in one way or another it enhances the functioning of your AMPA receptors, which are excitatory receptors linked to mood and memory [1]. Secondly, it increases blood flow in the association context—the payoff being that holistic thinking becomes easier [1]. It’s also somewhat anxiolytic; reduced anxiety is something any stumped creative type could use [2].

There are also a few secondary effects that help creativity. Aniracetam can also make vision sharper and more vivid, boost literary fluidity (easier reading!), and make it easier to grasp abstract concepts [2]. Chalk it up to improved communication between brain hemispheres, which is one more way that Aniracetam enhances cognition [3].

The trade off? Naturally creative types may find their thinking taking on a more logical edge thanks to boosted right brain activity, while more literal-minded users will see their logical thought processes become a bit more abstract. It’s a great tool whether you’re looking to enhance your creative project, or just tackle it from a slightly shifted neurological perspective.

Phenibut

Phenibut doesn’t “cause” creativity, but it certainly primes you for it! One of the most important aspects of creativity is flow—the ability to shut everything out and focus entirely on the task at hand. Easier said than done. Your worst enemy? Outside thoughts, stress, worries, doubts…all the small grievances that you’re probably trying to get away from with creativity in the first place.

Phenibut benefits the aspiring artist in two ways. First, it hits your GABA-B receptors, which affect stress and calmness [4]. The overall effect is a soothed, tranquil, present feeling, the sort you might get from exercise or meditation. Studies have also shown that it decreases your inability to act in a negative emotional situation. Like, say, feeling stuck because you can’t generate a new creative idea [5].

Secondly, phenibut has been shown to stimulate dopamine [6]. Tweaked dopamine means a heightened sense of pleasure and meaning from all your sensory input. This is important to creativity in its own right, but dopamine has also been specifically proven to have a strong correlation to creativity. Evidence-based reports even cite phenibut as having mild benefits for memory recall: important if you’re working on an elaborate creative project [7].

Making sure you’re taking a safe amount of phenibut will ensure you aren’t left with a disrupted dopamine system the next day. Dose responsibly and cycle your phenibut often, and you’ll be on your way to having a sure-fire nootropic shortcut to a creative headspace. Dosing irresponsibly can result in many side effects.

Sulbutiamine

Sulbutiamine is a thiamine derived compound created in Japan to combat asthenia, a chronic fatigue that is mentally, not physically, based [8]. Since thiamine is B-vitamin based, that’s exactly what sulbutiamine will reverse! After a safe dose, look for boosted levels of energy that’ll help you complete all your unfinished tasks, creative or otherwise. In other words, it’s been proven to be effective at reducing mental fatigue [9].

It’s important to consider more factors than just “feeling creative” when looking to enhance creativity — focus and energy are crucial even to the most creative mind. Thanks to sulbutiamine, you can make sure you aren’t too worn down to dream.

However, the list of creativity-specific benefits you get from this nootropic don’t stop there. It’s been shown to reduce psycho-behavioral inhibitions — in other words, it eases your conditioned fears [10]. If there’s something you avoid or get stressed by, sulbutiamine makes it easier to approach. So long writer’s block!

Coluracetam

Coluracetam is one of the newest compounds to hit the market, and is the latest iteration in the veritable racetam family. How does it help with creativity? It’s all in the name. Coluracetam is alleged to have ‘’sensory enhancing properties”—colors, for instance look richer.

It’s also alleged to enhance sounds, brighten vision, and thrust the user into an anxiety-dampened, creativity-free headspace. It achieves all this by being the first choline uptake enhancer; it makes the brain turn choline into learning-and-information neurotransmitter acetylcholine faster and more fully [11]. That means you are able to take in more sensory information at once, while simultaneously having more “raw data” to commit to memory.

While the anecdotal feedback on the substance has been very positive so far, it’s worth considering that coluracetam is a very young nootropic, and the clinical research on it is slim at best. While there are no indications that it will deviate from the racetam trend by being anything other than safe and non-toxic, it’s worth using some caution if you’re considering picking some up.

Final Thoughts

Whether you’re too tired to focus, out of imaginative ideas, or just not quite as fired up about creativity as you used to be, nootropics offer something to benefit you. Read up on your substance of choice, take the recommended dose, and see for yourself how quickly you can get that brush back in your hand!

Sources

Aniracetam:

[1] – http://examine.com/supplements/Aniracetam/

[2] – http://www.braintropic.com/racetam-comparison/

[3] – http://www.smartdrugsforthought.com/what-is-aniracetam/

Phenibut:

[4] – http://www.raysahelian.com/phenibut.html

[5] – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17944107

[6] – http://www.phenibutforanxiety.com/thescienceofphenibut.php

[7] – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11830761

Sulbutiamine:

[8] – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10996447

[9] – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12973384

[10] – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10996447

Coluracetam:

[11] – http://examine.com/supplements/Coluracetam/

Top Nootropics: Discover the Top 10 Nootropics

Top Nootropics Reviewed

Nootropics. Weird name, right? Believe it or not, you may have used a nootropic before without even knowing it!

If you work in a competitive business or are in college, chances are you’ve taken caffeine either in coffee, energy drinks, or supplement form. Caffeine is the world’s most widely-used and recognized nootropic.

Of course that does not mean it is the most effective. Many individuals are just simply unaware that there are better ways to focus while working or studying. What’s more, nootropics are able to unlock your cognitive potential!

So What Are Nootropics?

This unlocking does not mean you will suddenly find yourself in the premise of the movie Limitless, which brought nootropics to the attention of moviegoers everywhere. These aren’t magic powders to make you a genius. However, you may find you make connections more quickly, words flow more easily, and your motivation to get work done more readily available and longer lasting.

The word nootropic means “acting on the mind,” and that’s what these supplements are designed to do. They can enhance memory, cognitive function, and learning ability if taken correctly and at the right dosage.

There is a lot of information and misinformation available via the internet today concerning nootropics, especially when it comes to what is the best.

Top Nootropics

Below are the 10 top nootropics. This list is based on the effectiveness of the nootropic as a whole, the efficiency of the nootropic’s performance, and its accessibility to consumers:

  1. Noopept – Noopept is a quasi-member of the racetam family of nootropics and one of the most potent nootropics of its kind. It’s available in capsules as well as bulk powder. It improves cognition and enhances all the senses as well as imparts a great sense of physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
  2. Aniracetam – Another member of the racetam family, aniracetam helps creativity, memory, and intelligence; it also has anti-stress properties. For many beginners looking for a first nootropic to buy, aniracetam comes highly recommended.
  3. Pramiracetam – Pramiracetam can brighten up the brain and is great for those who suffer from poor concentration. Pramiracetam works in synergy with various other cognitive-enhancing products, such as choline, and as such has a very potent effect.
  4. Sulbutiamine – This is a synthesized version of Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) that helps elevate mood. It passes the blood-brain barrier with relative ease and helps elevate mood.
  5. L-theanine  – Interestingly, this is a non-essential amino acid which is most commonly found in tea. It is particularly good to take before an exam or presentation as it lowers stress levels. In combination with caffeine, l-theanine can give a calm, focused energy.
  6. NALT – N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine or NALT is an excellent mood elevator which enhances well-being and combats mental fatigue.
  7. CDP Choline  – This supplement is excellent for brain and neural function. Many users opt to stack choline with racetams as racetams often use up acetylcholine within the brain which can sometimes cause headaches.
  8. Alpha GPC – Another form of choline, this is found naturally both in milk and in the brain and has a positive effect on cognition.
  9. Beta Phenylethylamine (PEA) – PEA or phenylethlamine is primarily used for mood and has an effect which you are very likely to recognize. You know those feel good vibes you get from eating chocolate? Well this works in the same way, just way more concentrated and enhanced! It also stacks well with aniracetam to boost cognition.
  10. Phosphatidylserine – This is found naturally within cell membranes. As a nootropic, it’s a brain booster and memory enhancer.

So there you have it, the top nootropics supplements on the market. This article should be enough to equip you with the information to research and to ascertain which one(s) are best and most suitable for you, your lifestyle, and, of course, your budget.

Top 4 Nootropics: Nootropic Stack for Studying

Finals can be stressful, a nootropic stack for studying can helpIf you are returning to college then you know tough work is ahead. Sure, there will be old friends to hang out with and new friends to meet, but also a lot of studying and work and going to classes.The demands placed upon your time and mental and physical energy can be intense.

In many cases, these demands can cause diet and even sleep schedules to suffer. Fortunately, a category of supplements known as Nootropics can help to improve your memory and mental function. The following is a great, perhaps the best, nootropic stack for studying.

Alpha GPC:

The first brain boosting supplement is Alpha GPC. The purpose of this supplement is to boost levels of Acetylcholine within the brain. Acetylcholine is a powerful neurotransmitter that is believed to play a vital role in memory formation, learning capacity, and a number of other mental and cognitive processes. Not only that, but it also helps to make the other components of this stack even more effective. Take up to 600mg daily.

L-Theanine:

L-Theanine is a great supplement to improve focus and leads to a relaxed and almost meditative state. If you are a coffee or other caffeine drinker, this one will help to relieve all of the jitters normally felt from those types of products and replace it with a clean and simple type of focus. Basically, this supplement helps to smooth out brain waves and allows you to relax much easier. Take up to 200mg daily.

Pramiracetam:

One of the premier members of the Racetam family of Nootropic supplements, Pramiracetam is an incredibly powerful memory booster. Using this supplement will also help with studying and can even be used up to twice a day. Take 300 to 600mg daily (one or two doses). A little experimentation can determine which type of dosing schedule works best for your body chemistry.

Optional:

The last member of this stack can vary, depending on what you are studying or if you were looking for a certain type of help.

Oxiracetam:

Oxiracetam is known as a logic booster. It is incredibly helpful when studying or learning literal or logical based subjects like economics, math, and number based concepts. Facts and figures seem to come much more easily as well. Take 750 to 1500mg on days when it is needed.

Aniracetam:

Aniracetam is used more to help with figurative and creative types of thinking. This supplement is good for subjects like English and writing. You will find new ideas and thoughts just flowing more or less freely.

Using Creatine to Counteract Brain Fog from Nootropics

Nootropic supplements, although being relatively safe and posing no drastic negative effects, usually come with a few side effects.

Although these side effects will vary from person to person, one of the most common is called brain fog. Many nootropic users opt to use a choline source to combat brain fog, but

creatine nootropic – creatine can have nootropic effects on the braincholine supplements can be very expensive (such as Alpha GPC, the superior choline source).

So what is the savvy nootropic fan to do? Interestingly enough, creatine can provide the relief from brain fog you are seeking.

What is Brain Fog?

This is one of the few instances where the problem sounds exactly like what it is: Fog in your brain. It is the feeling of mental confusion or lack of mental clarity. Effects of brain fog can include feelings of detachment and forgetfulness. Some people even experience problems with their vision.

Other symptoms range from problems with short-term memory to limited attention span. Certain individuals experience brain fog slowly over a brief period while others feel it progress very quickly.

What is Creatine?

Creatine is a supplement that is especially popular with bodybuilders due to its ability to supply energy to your muscles. Creatine is a natural nutrient that is a combination of three amino acids.

A creatine supplement is able to increase the muscle stores of phosphocreatine, potentially increasing the muscles’ ability to resynthesize ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process is especially necessary when the body has high energy demands such as during workouts.

Creatine can be naturally found in food such as fish and meat and in wild game such as deer, quail, turkey, wild boar, and the like. For an initial Creatine dosage it is recommended to start at 20grams per day (this is for creatine monohydrate, the oldest and most widely used creatine supplement).

Creatine monohydrate requires a loading phase; after that doses reduce dramatically. However, different forms of creatine have different recommended doses such as Creatine HCL, which only requires 750mg per day.

So why use creatine at all if it is purely a body building supplement?

Because it can do so much more.

Creatine Nootropic – Creatine for Brain Fog and Creatine as  a Nootropic

The use of nootropics such as the racetams (Piracetam, Aniracetam, Pramiracetam, etc.) may cause brain fog in some cases. Users attribute this to the lack of balance in diet and dosage when taking these supplements. One can become overdosed or experience negative side effects including brain fog if the food consumption is not monitored.

In effect, high doses of nootropics pull you further away from your normal ATP consumption rate. In order to maintain balance, your ATP intake should be able to keep up with your ATP consumption.

As mentioned, creatine is known to increase the ATP in the body which makes it a favorite among nootropic stacks. By aiding in the production of ATP, creatine is able to block negative effects and act as a nootropic itself.

A study conducted on 45 vegetarian subjects with the purpose of isolating the effect of the supplement with natural creatine in meat found improvement in what is called fluid intelligence (the ability to find meaning in confusion, make connections and solve problems). This intelligence is the opposite of crystallized intelligence which includes ability to add, tie shoelaces, and the like. This increase in fluid intelligence is a major factor in counteracting brain fog.

In addition to creatine brain fog uses, creatine has some nootropic properties of its own. Creatine acts as a neuroprotectant, meaning it protects brain cells from damage. Specifically, creatine protects against excitotoxicity, which causes damage to nerve cells potentially even killing them from excessive stimulation by certain neurotransmitters.

If you find yourself suffering from brain fog and you don’t have the cash to spend on Alpha GPC, creatine is an excellent alternative for you.

Racetams to Boost Creativity

Racetams

aniracetam can help with creativityRacetams are incredibly effective and diverse supplements. Not only do they have cognitive enhancing benefits such as increasing memory and learning capacity along with an improvement in overall cognition, but they may even be able to help boost your creativity. Taking a look at some of the more popular Racetams can show more clearly the surprising range of beneficial effects they may have, including the ability to stimulate our creativity.

Piracetam and Creativity:

One of the best things about Piracetam is its ability to stimulate the flow of information between both hemispheres of the brain. This stimulation is done by increasing the production of ATP in the cerebral cortex of the brain.

In addition to the increased energy, there is also enhanced blood flow, oxygen uptake, and even glucose metabolism. It is thought that within the corpus callosum area of the brain Piracetam is responsible for helping to create new neurons, synapses, and connections. These effects help to improve the inter-hemispheric flow of information. As a result of all this flow, overall cognitive function is enhanced including creativity.

Aniracetam and Creativity:

Aniracetam is a supplement that has essentially the same cognitive benefits and effects as Piracetam, only stronger. Not only that, but it also has a very pronounced anti-stress effect on many users. So, those who are suffering from undue stress would benefit greatly from this supplement.

This is the supplement to take for those interested in being ‘clear.’ Many users report that it helps to improve their social confidence along with verbal fluency. After a few days, you should begin to see a strong increase, along with original ideas and creative thinking just seemingly coming from nowhere. The effect is very striking and very noticeable.

Oxiracetam and Creativity:

Even though Oxiracetam is generally known as the logic enhancer for its ability to facilitate clear mathematical problem solving ability, it also helps to improve creativity. Many users actually feel a number of their senses to be heightened while taking this supplement. This is especially true with sound. A musician, for example, would feel like they were in heaven.

The supplement is also highly motivating, making people just want to get off their backsides and be productive. There is also a slight stimulation of the central nervous system felt which may contribute to any or all of these effects.

Does Racetam Efficacy Build Over Time?

Racetam Efficacy

Since the development of the racetam family of nootropic supplements, much research has taken place regarding their effects. Although the exact methods of action are still not entirely clear, this lack of knowledge only underscores how little modern science really understands about the brain. What is certain is that these supplements have huge potential. Many users have received tremendous cognitive benefits; some have also reported major improvements to their stress, anxiety, and overall mood. One important question that is only recently beginning to be explored is whether or not racetams have long-term effects, and do these effects build over time?

Major Racetam Effects and Benefits:

There have been an incredibly wide range of benefits and effects associated with the racetam family of supplements. These include improved memory and recall, enhanced learning capacity, lengthened attention spans, increased mental energy, focus, and concentration. Many users also report having improved sensory perception especially related to extra-visual acuity and hearing. Racetams are also able to reduce levels of stress and anxiety.

Possible Side Effects:

In general, racetams are well tolerated and do not have much in the way of negative side effects. In fact, as long as the recommended dosage levels are followed, side effects are quite rare. Of these, the most common is headaches, normally caused by the body becoming more efficient at the use of some key neurotransmitters. The answer to this is normally to add a high-quality choline supplement to your regimen. Other potential side effects include irritability, nervousness, anxiety, and GI distress.

Possible Long-Term Effects:

The real question is whether or not any of the beneficial effects of racetams can build up or last on a long-term basis. Research does indicate that there are some overall long-term brain-health effects. Many of these supplements have a neuroprotective element to them, meaning that they can help prevent damage to the neurons. These effects are believed to last even after usage is discontinued.

The ability to build new synapses and connections within the brain is also a hot topic of research. There is some evidence to suggest that some racetams do have this effect. Many are able to improve communications between the two hemispheres of the brain, and it is thought this is because of these new synapses. This could be a potentially long-term effect which builds over time. Either way, these supplements definitely demand continued study and attention.

Using Nootropics for Motivation

Nootropic supplements are finding more and more uses in the area of brain enhancement. The term nootropic was originally coined in 1972 by Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea and is derived from the Greek word “mind” and “to turn”- a fitting description of the alteration that these supplements can accomplish in the brain.

Nootropics can enhance memory, motivation, cognition, attention, alertness and more. Although the effect of each nootropics can help boost motivationsupplement will vary from person to person, there is always a common denominator.
The majority of the nootropics produce some form of motivation but let’s take a look at a few that have been especially noted to increase motivation:

Sulbutiamine

Sulbutiamine is a derivative of Vitamin B1. Because of its ability to cross the blood barrier faster than Vitamin B1, this supplement is stronger in terms of effects. Like thiamine, sulbutiamine works by aiding in the biosynthesis of acetylcholine and GABA but has a faster absorption rate.

Benefits of sulbutiamine include improved memory and stimulation. It has been used by athletes as a legal performance enhancer. Sulbutiamine causes upregulation of the reticular-activating system in the brain, which is the center of arousal and motivation.

Dosage of sulbutiamine is reported to be 12.5mg/kg although this may vary. Side effects include nausea, skin rash, headaches and anxiety. Thankfully there are nootropics for anxiety.

Aniracetam

Aniracetam is one of the most common racetams and is a cognitive enhancer known to enhance memory and concentration. It works by increasing communication between the left and right sides of the brain. This boost increases creativity, perception, and more. This supplement stimulates the function of neuronal receptors by means of glutamic acid which aids in the memorization process.

Aniracetam is usually stacked with choline in order to reduce the side effects that commonly occur with the use of aniracetam. Dosage of aniracetam is 1500mg taken twice a day in 750mg doses.

Vinpocetine

Vinpocetine is a cognitive enhancer that works by increasing the blood circulation in the brain. This increase in turn increases cellular efficiency. Additional benefits of vinpocetine include enhanced alertness and mood enhancement. Standard dosage of vinpocetine is 10mg taken three times a day.

Conclusion

When it comes to the search for nootropics for motivation, there are no hard rules. The fact remains that everyone reacts differently. It is noteworthy that supplements that have been considered to be good motivators, such as caffeine and amphetamines, can in fact have the opposite effect. According to a report, these stimulants do not actually raise motivation levels especially in individuals who are motivated.

With this in mind, one should carefully consider the nootropics taken for motivation—making the wrong choice can have negative effects. The aforementioned nootropics are what have been recommended by many.

Can Nootropics Enhance Your Sense of Taste?

Also referred to as memory supplements, neuro enhancers, or cognitive enhancers, nootropics have become the center of attention in the supplement community in the past few years. There are various classifications of nootropics that use different mechanisms of action, one of the most popular being those from the racetam family.

Nootropics have a variety of effects, such as sensory enhancement. Before we go into that, let’s have a brief overview of nootropics can boost the sensesthe most common nootropics and their uses.

Common Nootropics and Their Uses

Piracetam– a derivative of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), this nootropic belongs to the racetam family and is usually used as a brain booster. Piracetam also has neuroprotective and anticonvulsant properties and also improves neuroplasticity. Dosage is 2-6 grams per day.
Uses:
• Slows deterioration of the brain
• Improves alertness, socialization and I.Q
• Increases memory and verbal learning

Aniracetam– a fat-soluble racetam (thereby fast acting) memory supplement that impacts IQ and creativity. Aniracetam is also known to have a period of effectiveness between 6-7 hours. It also is said to have stress-relieving properties.
Uses:
• Potentially benefits memory formation
• Improves judgement and mood qualities

Oxiracetam– another member of the racetam family that appears to improve brain function.

Vinpocetine– a nootropic that is known to enhance blood flow to the brain, eyes and ears. Vinpocetine is a derivative from Vincamine.
Uses:
• Stimulates information processing, attention, cortical/behavioral arousal, learning, and memory
• Reduces abnormal blood clots
• Boosts mental energy and blood circulation

L-theanine– an amino acid that is involved in inhibiting stress, anxiety, worry, and nervousness.

Choline– a common supplement among nootropic stacks because of its ability to increase the levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine which is usually depleted with the intake of some racetams.

Nootropics and Sensory Enhancement

Now back to the question of whether nootropics can have sensory enhancement abilities especially in the area of taste. The bottom line is that there is no conclusive evidence as to the ability of nootropics to enhance taste in particular. However, nootropics in the racetam family have benefits including increased sensory perception. Users of nootropics report effects such as enhanced vision (colors and objects become more vivid), enhanced hearing, and enhanced touch. Aniracetam is also among the nootropics that users claim to have sensory enhancement benefits. Other nootropics with this effect include Piracetam and Noopept.