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How to Increase Focus and Memory: Pramiracetam

Television. Internet. Radio. Magazines. Newspapers.

In today’s world, we are constantly barraged with media. So much media, in fact, that it can be difficult to focus at all.

If you’ve ever struggled to focus or to remember information, read on to learn more about Pramiracetam, a nootropic that shows promise in supporting focus and memory.

What is Pramiracetam?

Pramiracetam is a derivative of the nootropic substance piracetam, and is considered to be more potent in its effect than its source material.

Pramiracetam is, as the name suggests, a member of the racetam family. Racetams are generally accepted to function by interacting with glutamate receptors in the brain, though there is no hard and fast rule for their mechanisms as they vary between substances.

Many of them, such as piracetam and its derivative pramiracetam, possess nootropic effects. Others, such as oxiracetam, can act as stimulants. Racetams are used around the world for their brain altering effects, and are generally well tolerated with few adverse side effects.

What are the health benefits associated with taking Pramiracetam?

Pramiracetam, like any nootropic, is widely used by people for its ability to benefit concentration and memory. Mental benefits that are associated with taking pramiracetam have been reported to include:

  • Enhanced sensitivity to sound
  • Enhanced vision
  • Improved speed of learning and information uptake
  • Improved cognition
  • Improved focus and concentration
  • Improved long term memory recollection
  • Improved durability of short term memory
  • Improved confidence in social situations
  • Improved mood
  • Heightened motivation

Pramiracetam is often used by students and workers for the above benefits. In addition to these benefits, pramiracetam has also shown promise as a neuroprotective substance. These benefits are what aid its users in taking in and retaining information.

Pramiracetam in Capsules and Powder

Pramiractam is available in capsules as well as a bulk powder. Many users prefer to buy bulk powder as opposed to the capsules, but this is largely a matter of personal preference. Both variations can be found here.

Many prefer the powder as it is cheaper and allows them to specifically alter their dose more easily than a capsule or tablet would. Anyone looking to buy pramiracetam, especially looking to buy bulk powder of the substance, will find it available around the world online.

Soybean-Derived vs. Bovine-Derived Phosphatidylserine

Phosphatidylserine is another supplement that has received a lot of attention in the past few years. There are a number of helpful benefits associated with it including an improved memory, mood, and a number of other cognitive functions. However, there seems to be a debate right now over which type of source makes for the best supplement. The two choices are soybean or bovine (cow) derived Phosphatidylserine. In order to make an informed decision, it is helpful to first know the benefits of this supplement.

What Is Phosphatidylserine?

This supplement is actually a natural ingredient or component of the membranes of living cells. This substance is found in the cell membrane of neurons (brain cells). Phosphatidylserine comprises as much as 10 percent of the lipid content of these cells. While it is possible to obtain this ingredient from food, we do not actually get very much this way. Average daily consumption is around 100 to 150 mg.

Phosphatidylserine Benefits:

This supplement is thought to regulate how brain cells work and process information. This is done by these membranes actually controlling which nutrients are used by the brain and which are passed out as waste products.

Another excellent benefit of this supplement is that it helps to improve communication between the various brain cells and hemispheres. This communication is thought to occur by increasing the number of receptors and increasing the production of Acetylcholine, a powerful neurotransmitter that plays a key role in memory formation, learning, and other cognitive functions.

While taking this supplement, memory is enhanced and so is the general speed of recall. Many users also report having much improved clarity and speed of thought. Attention span is increased and so are the abilities to concentrate and focus.

Phosphatidylserine Supplements: Bovine Or Soybean Derived?

In the past, most Phosphatidylserine was produced from bovine or cow sources. The raw ingredients were actually extracted from the brains of cows. Currently, most of the product on the market is soybean derived due to the FDA concerns about things like mad cow disease and other health issues. Almost all of the studies indicate the excellent benefits of this supplement were performed a few years ago using bovine derived sources.

There are some differences between the two sources. Bovine derived is usually attached to long chained polyunsaturated fatty acids (DHA or AA). The soybean derived variety is usually attached to saturated or monounsaturated fatty acids. While it does follow that many of the benefits should be similar, new studies need to be performed.

Is the Media Ruining our Memory?

It seems that in the digital age stimuli from every direction barrage our brains. There is advertising, television, radio, and of course the internet. The media has become so ubiquitous that now ‘multitasking’ is a common word. However, the question must be asked as to whether or not all of these stimuli are actually ruining our memory. Maybe all of this input is causing sensory overload, which leads to people not being able to remember or to even focus as well as we once did.

Multiple Media Users Actually Poor Multitaskers:

The University of Wyoming recently conducted a study in relation to the use of multiple media. A number of people were observed and then classified as heavy or light media multitaskers. When they were then tested on things like working memory, fluid intelligence, working memory, and task switching it became apparent that the heavy media users were actually more impulsive and had lower levels of fluid intelligence.

This result means that the more media someone is exposed to, the less actual concentration they are able to give to any particular task. Media, especially the internet, is also leading us to be more likely to remember where we can find information, rather than actually focusing on the information itself and storing it within our minds. Perhaps this is because we are all so busy today that it is much more difficult to actually pay attention to something in particular when everything is going on around us.

How Memory Has Changed in the Digital Age:

According to scientists, memory has always been transaction oriented in nature. This means that we focus much more on where to find things, rather than trying to internalize and remember every little detail. At least we do this with things that are not critical. On the other hand, if there is information we need to know, we make special effort to ensure this is committed to actual working memory.

Technology and the media have certainly changed things. For most of human history, the most reliable sources of information were other people. If there was something that we needed to know, it was a simple matter of finding someone who did and then we could remember this new information ourselves. Now, the media and the internet have replaced this person-to-person information network in favor of a digital network. The bottom line is still that we remember what we want and file the rest under the heading of ‘go here to learn more.’

Noopept and Exercise

Nootropics have become increasingly popular. Noopept is one of the newest entries in the family of racetams although it has a little bit different structure.

Noopept Defined

This peptide-derived supplement is closely related to the racetam family and was originally promoted in Russia and neighbouring countries. Noopept has been said to be more (up to 1000 times) powerful than piracetam (the first and most popular among the racetam family) and is therefore taken at a much lower dosage.

 

How does it work?

Like the other supplements in the racetam family, noopept is said to have a similar mechanism of action. Similar to piracetam, it has been shown to increase the spindle-like activity and alpha wave function in the brain. Noopept reacts with glutamatergic AMPA receptors, binding to them and thereby allowing them to move between brain cells, producing noopept’s effects in cognition. After consumption, the supplement is absorbed through the GI tract and has a very high oral bioavailability that enables easy blood-brain penetration. This crossing of the blood-brain barrier is the reason for the low dosage and high potency of the supplement.

 

What are the Noopept Effects and Dosing?

Like the other nootropics, noopept has the following effects:
• Enhanced memory and cognition;
• Lowered anxiety, irritability, and apathy;
• Mood-boosting qualities.

The recommended dosage of noopept is 10-40mg daily. One can obtain both noopept powder and capsules depending on preference. It is also a common practice to stack noopept with other nootropics such as choline or other racetams. However, considering the strength and cost of noopept, it is usually taken alone.

 

Does Noopept Help with Exercise?

According to users, noopept may have a positive effect on exercise. The effect that nootropics have on the brain is enough reason to believe that they can in turn affect exercise. Remember that everything we do starts in the brain. By enhancing the general performance of the brain, one can accomplish far more in the gym.

Enhanced perception and reflexes have been reported by noopept users, both of which are benefits that translate to exercise. According to information available on user forums, a common stack used to increase energy and focus is noopept and caffeine which users claim allows one to get more things done. Although the major noopept effects are on cognition and memory enhancement, like other racetams it is also able to aid in physical performance. Still, the intensity of the effect will vary from person to person.

Centrophenoxine Review

Centrophenoxine is an ester of pCPA and DMAE and is used for its abilities to enhance memory formation and also its neuroprotective properties. Centrophenoxine reduces lipofuscin which is the buildup of potassium that is the cause of brain cells becoming less efficient and dying. It is a choligenric compound which is lipid soluble and contains DMAE. Centrophenoxine also increases oxygen and glucose uptake in the brain and the increase of glucose uptake results in centrophenoxine helping to rectify the damage done to the brain that comes as a result of aging. It is said that the brain uses 20 percent of the oxygen available in the body and if the oxygen levels in the body become deficient then the brain does not operate as well as it could. So by increasing the flow of oxygen to the brain, centrophenoxine helps to increase the efficiency and productiveness of the brain in general.

lucid dreaming with nootropicsCentrophenoxine Benefits

However, centrophenoxine does not only help improve memory but also helps to protect memory and it is said to possibly reverse the effects that come as a result of aging of the brain. It also increases RNA which is used by neurons to create protein which is used to repair damaged cells in the brain. There have been studies done that show that centrophenoxine increases acetylcholinesterase activity in the brain stem in aged rats. What this essentially means is that the increase of acetylcholinesterase activity could be implicated in the reversal of neurodegradation. A double-blind study showed that centrophenoxine improved the cognitive performance of people who were suffering from age-related mental decline.

Centrophenoxine and Cognition

Overall, centrophenoxine improves cognitive functionality in the brain and also increases levels of serotonin, noradrenaline, and dopamine. Additionally, it is able to improve mood and can lead to a feeling of general well being. It also helps to support short-term memory due to the release of acetylcholine and some even think that it helps to promote the production of RNA. Also, it is thought that centrophenoxine helps to improve neuron fluidity and communication. This improvement links up with general thinking and cognition. Centrophenoxine powder is also thought to be a strong antioxidant and able to scavenge free radicals within the brain. There are also researchers who think centrophenoxine could help to alleviate cellular damage that comes as a result of different types of toxins.

Centrophenoxine Dosage

Cenotrphenoxine dosage is generally 250 to 3,000 milligrams daily. It is normally taken in doses that are equally divided throughout the day.

Centrophenoxine Side Effects

It is not recommended to take centrophenoxine at night or before you go to bed. It is smart to start out with a lower dose and increase gradually. Cycle off for a few days every 10 days to prevent excessive acetylcholine buildup. Centrophenoxine side effects could include muscle aches or pains which could also be the sign of overdose.

Sources:

  1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8367013
  2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6191765
  3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15374499

Aniracetam Review: Side Effects, Benefits, and Dosage

Aniracetam is a supplement that is used to stimulate AMPA (alpha amino 3 hydroxy 5 methyl 4 isoxazolepropionic acid) receptors in the brain. On a chemical level, aniracetam is a member of the racetam class of compounds. It is a type of nootropic that is mainly used to enhance brain function, sharpen memory, increase mental alertness, and improve concentration.

Aniracetam Benefits

There have been clinical trials that tested the health effects of aniracetam and concluded that it can offer a variety of certain health benefits. Aniracetam has been found to decrease the rate of receptor desensitization which would suggest that it is actually a potential benefit to memory formation. Aniracetam benefits users by increasing the release of serotonin and dopamine through the cholinergic mechanisms that are in the prefrontal cortex with implications in improving judgment. This could explain the nootropics ability to have a relaxing and calming effect on the mind and body.

Aniracetam is a stronger nootropic compared to piracetam, the granddaddy of the racetam family. The makeup of people who use aniracetam ranges widely, from the elderly who are looking to boost cognitive function to young people who are looking to enhance and increase their mental ability. Aniracetam works by stimulating the central nervous system and like piracetam is also used to increase communication between the right and left side of the brain. The effects of aniracetam are that it increases supply of oxygen to the brain cells, improves cognition and memory retention, increases blood circulation to the brain, and increases energy.

Aniracetam Side Effects

Aniracetam also provides these benefits with usually very little or no side effects. However, aniracetam side effects could include insomnia, headaches, nausea or rash. They are also generally very uncommon in most people.

Aniracetam Dosage

Most users take around 1 to 1.5 grams taken with food. However, daily dosages between 750 and 3,000 milligrams have also been considered safe although larger doses should be taken in smaller doses throughout the course of the day to prevent side effects such as headaches and nausea. You can buy aniracetam from supplement health stores as a bulk powder to save money (you can buy capsules separately to create your own capsules if you so desire). Overall aniracetam has been proven to be very effective for enhancing cognitive functions and helping to not only improve memory recall but reduce memory decline dramatically.

If you are looking for a solution that is more powerful than piracetam and will help to enhance your brain functionality then you should definitely check out aniracetam.

Aniracetam Reviews

Check out what people just like you have to say about their experience in these Aniracetam reviews.

Aniracetam and anxiety. I took this and felt completely relaxed at a group meeting. Usually I get social anxiety but this really helped, great stuff!R.B.

‘Very noticeable effects. Felt definite decrease in public speaking anxiety. I also had very good memory recall.’ -Bill

‘It works. Awesome product…it delivers as advertised!’ -Andrew R

‘Great! I generally take 1 gram in the morning and coffee or tea with 1 tablespoon of coconut oil. The effects are PROFOUND and I find cognitive activities as well as physical ones happen with ease. Personally for me it works wonders.’ -David C.

‘My son has really benefited from the Aniracetam, he did not care for the Oxiracetam because it made him feel “spaced out.” So, we went back to the Aniracetam.’ -Melba

‘Improves my mood a lot. I feel more comfortable being around a lot of people. I have social anxiety and it helps with that. It also helps with focus, motivation, and concentration. Not as much as noopept does but I can notice a difference. I have to take 500mg-1g at a time twice a day. Anymore than that and I get brain fog. The only bad thing about aniracetam is that it lasts 3-4 hours and its half life is 1-2 hours and I have to take a choline with it between 300-500mg or I will get a headache that lasts all day.’ -Al

‘I decided to try Aniracetam instead of other racetams because I have to go to work in the evenings after I workout. Before I took Aniracetam, I would be either brain dead from my workout or jittery from caffeine after taking a pre-workout a few hours before hand. Aniracetam helps keep my mind clear and alert, and I don’t get jittery or wired if I have caffeine.’ -Chris

‘Great for depression and anxiety, 750mg to start with 500mg Choline and a glass of milk or other fat such as unrefined coconut oil since this is fat soluble. Aniracetam really helped with my feelings of worry and anxiety, organizing my thought patterns, speech, recognition, memory, and decisiveness.’ -Damian

Sources:

  1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6817363
  2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10627576
  3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8199398

Alpha GPC Dosage and Benefits

Proper Alpha GPC dosage is part of the nootropics puzzleAlpha GPC powder is one of the newcomers to the field of mind boosting supplements. It is certainly something which bears consideration since there are claims that it acts as a cognitive enhancer.  There has been some promising research already and the potential of Alpha GPC may be to help anyone suffering from some type of cognitive decline.

What is L-Alphaglycerylphosphorylcholine (Alpha GPC)?

Alpha GPC is a phospholipid metabolite that is found concentrated in neuronal membranes. This supplement is able to deliver choline to the brain. The actual supplement itself is made from lecithin and is a nutrient derived from other soy phospholipids as well. The substance itself is well-absorbed and capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier. Once in the brain it helps to support a number of learning processes and general functioning.

Alpha GPC Benefits

The main benefits of this supplement seem to be primarily related to mental functioning and cognition. This includes increased memory, focus and concentration, and even neuron protection. It helps to directly increase the synthesis and secretion of acetylcholine and improves signal transmission throughout the brain.

It is also believed that this supplement helps to increase the secretion of human growth hormone (HGH). This should be a huge benefit to body builders and other weight training athletes since increased circulating HGH should enhance the ability to build muscle, engage in more intense training, and improve recovery ability from such training sessions.

Liver function and protection is another benefit of Alpha GPC. This supplement raises the lipotrophic functions of the liver through the increased release of choline. It also helps to protect against a fatty liver and the resulting diseases such as obesity and diabetes. It may even help to protect against damage done by heavy alcohol consumption.

Alpha GPC Side Effects

Anyone who might be interested in having their mental abilities increased naturally and without any side effects should definitely consider this supplement.

Alpha GPC Dosage

A recommended alpha GPC dosage has not yet been established for Alpha GPC. Many experts suggest taking around 300 mg per day. This can be in a single dose or divided administrations. In order to guard against tolerance it is also recommended to limit yourself to three or four days per week. You can buy Alpha GPC in bulk and control your own dose.

Best Nootropics for Memory in the Short Term

Best nootropics for memory, huperzine-a.When we start to become very interested and specific in our health and fitness related goals we see a direct correlation in the increase of supplements and our knowledge of the field. Specifically we begin to discover certain methods of reaching a level that we never thought to be attainable before and in most cases is not attainable naturally. If you match this profile then you may have already stumbled upon the family of nootropics. Often referred to as memory or cognitive enhancers, nootropics are a class of substances that can be taken via supplements and functional foods. They can enhance and improve quality of life in a rather specific manner. The specific attribute we want to look at in this analysis of nootropics involves short term memory.

Nootropics for Short Term Memory

Short term memory is a very often overlooked yet essential part of our daily lives. In fact, many people struggle with severe impaired short term memory and are not aware of it or its implications. On a personal level I can say that I struggle with short term memory in that I sometimes struggle to remember what I had for breakfast six hours ago, yet I can remember a conversation I had with a significant other over six years ago. Why is this, and what can nootropics do for me to help alleviate this problem?

While you may have heard of prescription strength nootropic solutions, this analysis will focus on over the counter products that act in a similar and in some cases enhanced fashion in contrast to their prescription strength counter parts. Two supplements that have been shown to do just that are huperzine-A and piracetam.

Huperzine A

Huperzine-A is an extracted compound from the herbs of the huperzicae family and is known to be an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, essentially meaning that it stops an enzyme from breaking down acetylcholine. Still lost? Acetylcholine is known as the learning neurotransmitter and is also involved in muscle contraction; therefore inhibiting the breakdown of this neurotransmitter leads to an increased presence in the brain and increased benefits. Note that this is a very simplified breakdown of a complicated process in the brain and in no means should serve as scientific reference.

Piracetam

The next nootropic that has been strongly linked to short term memory improvement is none other than the father of nootropics, piracetam. Piracetam is a member of the racetam family and is among the most researched nootropics. In research specific to memory loss piracetam has shown a significant ability to increase the power of memory in healthy human after only a two week period. This comes in addition to the many other health benefits that are often associated with piracetam and its family of nootropics. With little to no side effects reported and a very low toxicity piracetam makes a great candidate for improving short term memory loss in addition to being a solid choice for an everyday cognitive enhancing supplement.

How to Take Nootropics for Memory

With all supplements and nootropics are certainly no exception it is important to pay attention your body’s individual response. Additionally one should always carefully read the packaging and label information on any new product before implementing it into your daily stack or routine.

Sources

  1. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/826948
  2. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ar9800892

 

The Best Nootropic for Memory in the Long Term

Nootropics are highly popular among people who want to increase their brain capacity and improve their memory. However, many of the nootropics available only work on the short term but not a lot of people are willing to invest in nootropics that will not benefit their mental health in the long term. It is no secret that memory span will shorten as you get older. Yet for some older people, memory does not seem to be too big of an issue and they can recall things much quicker than their peers. There are various reasons this could happen, but studies have shown that nootropics can both protect the memory from degrading in older subjects, as well as enhance memory.

Vinpocetine is a semisynthetic extract from the periwinkle plant. This nootropic has been reported to help increase cerebral blood flow and enhance concentration and memory. Many studies have been done on this nootropic in Europe and clinical studies found that it provides several advantages to the human brain when taken. It is often used to help with memory loss and other age related mental disorders. The benefits of taking vinpocetine are neuroprotective effects, increased blood flow to the brain, it acts as an anti-inflammatory agent, and it improves long term memory.

Best Nootropic for Memory: Oxiracetam

What is the best nootropic for memory enhancement? Racetams of course are some of the most popular memory enhancing nootropics. Oxiracetam, to be specific, is one of the most potent racetams available. Oxiracetam is another water-soluble nootropic, and is generally recommended to help fight cognitive decline that comes with aging. Its neuroprotective properties help improve the brain’s physical health while also helping with age related issues such as memory loss. This is done by stimulating the production of the neurotransmitters glutamate and acetylcholine. Acetylcholine activates muscles in the peripheral nervous system and is the only neurotransmitter used in the motor division of the somatic nervous system.

The benefits of taking oxiracetam are improved effectiveness of brain training games, increased motivation and focus, increased spatial learning and contextual learning abilities, and improved memory. Oxiracetam has various positive effects as a neuromodulator which means that it affects the brains short term memory, long term memory, and the ability to learn.