A Not So Basic Preworkout

preworkout with nootropicsI’ll start this article off by stating the obvious—there are a ton of preworkouts, and plenty work very well. Unfortunately, most of them work by simply stimulating the central nervous system, failing to offer much else.

The first few times they’re great, but then tolerance sets in. This results in a workout plan that starts off productive but ultimately falters, with all of that focused and intense energy you brought to the gym taking a detour around exercise number two.

Before you know it you’re sucking at the last drops of preworkout left in your water bottle.

Exercise requires being present, and nothing ruins that more than a feeling of flatness sweeping over you as you try, and fail, to push yourself. That brings me to another very important aspect of fitness most preworkouts miss out on: improving the mind-muscle connection.

What is the Mind-Muscle Connection?

The idea of a mind-muscle connection finds its roots in “broscience”, but there is some evidence to back up its claim.

An informal study was performed on experienced bodybuilders with EMGs used to test whether load, cadence, and form dictate muscle activation, or whether it is possible to mentally focus neural drive towards specific, targeted muscles and away from others.

The results confirmed the idea of the connection between the brain and body. That’s why this stack of compounds is built around nootropics that can not only aid both physical and mental performance separately, but act to enhance the connection between them.

What’s Not In It

This mix will not include typical stimulants for a few reasons:

  1. Many people don’t respond well to them.
  2. To ensure you are able to work out for as long and intensely as you have to without having to worry about “burning out”.
  3. Some workouts you might not need the extra energy, but you will still need the focus and motivation this stack offers. You can always add a stimulant if you so desire.

This isn’t to say stimulants are bad, but saving them for when you truly need help can ensure you get the absolute most out of them when you need it. Plus, they may not be applicable to all situations. When I run, for example, being “stimmed” out of my mind usually results in a poor workout, but when I’m calm and focused on the task at hand I notice the miles tend to breeze by.

What’s In It?

Alpha GPC

Alpha GPC Skeletal Formula

Alpha GPC Skeletal Formula

Aside from its ability to increase focus [1], Alpha GPC has demonstrated possible effectiveness at increasing strength and growth hormone output (after 48 hours of fasting) [2], and potential to increase fat oxidation [3].

What makes this valuable is this acetylcholine precursor’s ability to increase the mind-muscle connection. When acetylcholine is released at the neuromuscular junction it crosses the synapses where it binds to receptors on the surface of muscle fibers, causing muscular contractions. The more this communication can be improved, the more muscle fibers you will be able to recruit resulting in better quality contractions and results.

There are less expensive acetylcholine precursors that can be substituted, like CDP Choline, but the true magic of Alpha GPC lies in its ability to improve self control and impulsiveness [4, 5]. If you’ve ever skipped one too many workouts, or ate a dozen donuts and forgot your diet, you understand how beneficial this can be.


Aniracetam powder not only prevents the overly stimulated feelings sometimes associated with Alpha GPC, but it seems to keep strength consistent throughout workouts [6]. Some users actually report increased strength output during the later part of their workouts.

Aniracetam is also incredibly effective as an anxiolytic and mood enhancer, and this can make a big difference on those days when working out sounds too cumbersome, or if you’re one of the many people that have anxiety that’s directly related to being at the gym [7].

Citrulline Malate

Citrulline malate is a combination of the amino acid citrulline and malic acid. It increases energy levels by removing ammonia from the body. Basically, citrulline malate adds another level of anti-fatigue, allowing you to train harder and for longer periods of time. [8]

Beta Alanine

Beta alanine is an amino acid that combines with the amino acid histidine in muscle cells to form carnosine, which is critical for muscle strength. Carnosine is an acid buffer, and it prevents the rise in hydrogen ions during high intensity exercises. It staves off the dreaded lactic acid burn and prevents muscle fatigue, increasing the amount of work you can perform at high intensities [9].


Sulbutiamine is a stimulant, but it doesn’t come with the typical unpleasant side effects. This nootropic improves motivation, focus, and energy by improving neuronal communication and transmission [10, 11]. It also improves motor coordination and resistance to muscular fatigue [12], and it acts as a potent mood enhancer [13].

Preworkout Stack Dosages

Alpha GPC: 300-600mg (fat-soluble) Take with food 90-120 minutes before your workout.

Aniracetam: 1-1.5g (fat-soluble) Take with food 90-120 minutes before your workout.

Some people become too relaxed from aniracetam during the “first half” of its effects, but it is short lived in the body and its metabolites typically reverse the overly calm feelings aniracetam induces [14].

Citrulline Malate: 6-8g Taken around 60 minutes before training.

Beta alanine: 2-5g Beta alanine can be taken all at once with citrulline malate before your workout, but large doses can result in an uncomfortable tingling feeling called paresthesia, and this can be avoided by taking smaller doses of 800mg-1g throughout the day.

Sulbutiamine: 300mg (fat-soluble) Taken with food around 60 minutes before training.




Nootropics and Creativity: How to Safely Boost your Artistic Side

Nootropics and Creativity

Whether you’re looking to kickstart your novel, paint the next Mona Lisa, or devise a brilliant business plan for your new start-up, creativity is important. It is also no secret that creativity can be a notoriously fickle thing—completely there one day, then gone the next.

It seems like sometimes no matter how devoted you are, no matter how hard you try, there’s just nothing there and everything you try to think up comes out feeling flat. Here’s where nootropics can offer you a quick edge.

Since nootropics are a class of smart drugs designed to benignly tweak your brain performance, there’s a good chance that there’s one out there that will pluck your creativity strings just the right way. Take a look at some of the best compounds for giving you an artistic boost when your muse just refuses to show up.


Aniracetam is the next step up from Piracetam on the ladder of nootropics. It also produces very distinct effects. It’s cited as the best anti-anxiety nootropic, and as a nootropic that enhances creativity. How exactly does it accomplish this?

First off, Aniracetam is an AMPA modulator. This fact means that in one way or another it enhances the functioning of your AMPA receptors, which are excitatory receptors linked to mood and memory [1]. Secondly, it increases blood flow in the association context—the payoff being that holistic thinking becomes easier [1]. It’s also somewhat anxiolytic; reduced anxiety is something any stumped creative type could use [2].

There are also a few secondary effects that help creativity. Aniracetam can also make vision sharper and more vivid, boost literary fluidity (easier reading!), and make it easier to grasp abstract concepts [2]. Chalk it up to improved communication between brain hemispheres, which is one more way that Aniracetam enhances cognition [3].

The trade off? Naturally creative types may find their thinking taking on a more logical edge thanks to boosted right brain activity, while more literal-minded users will see their logical thought processes become a bit more abstract. It’s a great tool whether you’re looking to enhance your creative project, or just tackle it from a slightly shifted neurological perspective.


Phenibut doesn’t “cause” creativity, but it certainly primes you for it! One of the most important aspects of creativity is flow—the ability to shut everything out and focus entirely on the task at hand. Easier said than done. Your worst enemy? Outside thoughts, stress, worries, doubts…all the small grievances that you’re probably trying to get away from with creativity in the first place.

Phenibut benefits the aspiring artist in two ways. First, it hits your GABA-B receptors, which affect stress and calmness [4]. The overall effect is a soothed, tranquil, present feeling, the sort you might get from exercise or meditation. Studies have also shown that it decreases your inability to act in a negative emotional situation. Like, say, feeling stuck because you can’t generate a new creative idea [5].

Secondly, phenibut has been shown to stimulate dopamine [6]. Tweaked dopamine means a heightened sense of pleasure and meaning from all your sensory input. This is important to creativity in its own right, but dopamine has also been specifically proven to have a strong correlation to creativity. Evidence-based reports even cite phenibut as having mild benefits for memory recall: important if you’re working on an elaborate creative project [7].

Making sure you’re taking a safe amount of phenibut will ensure you aren’t left with a disrupted dopamine system the next day. Dose responsibly and cycle your phenibut often, and you’ll be on your way to having a sure-fire nootropic shortcut to a creative headspace. Dosing irresponsibly can result in many side effects.


Sulbutiamine is a thiamine derived compound created in Japan to combat asthenia, a chronic fatigue that is mentally, not physically, based [8]. Since thiamine is B-vitamin based, that’s exactly what sulbutiamine will reverse! After a safe dose, look for boosted levels of energy that’ll help you complete all your unfinished tasks, creative or otherwise. In other words, it’s been proven to be effective at reducing mental fatigue [9].

It’s important to consider more factors than just “feeling creative” when looking to enhance creativity — focus and energy are crucial even to the most creative mind. Thanks to sulbutiamine, you can make sure you aren’t too worn down to dream.

However, the list of creativity-specific benefits you get from this nootropic don’t stop there. It’s been shown to reduce psycho-behavioral inhibitions — in other words, it eases your conditioned fears [10]. If there’s something you avoid or get stressed by, sulbutiamine makes it easier to approach. So long writer’s block!


Coluracetam is one of the newest compounds to hit the market, and is the latest iteration in the veritable racetam family. How does it help with creativity? It’s all in the name. Coluracetam is alleged to have ‘’sensory enhancing properties”—colors, for instance look richer.

It’s also alleged to enhance sounds, brighten vision, and thrust the user into an anxiety-dampened, creativity-free headspace. It achieves all this by being the first choline uptake enhancer; it makes the brain turn choline into learning-and-information neurotransmitter acetylcholine faster and more fully [11]. That means you are able to take in more sensory information at once, while simultaneously having more “raw data” to commit to memory.

While the anecdotal feedback on the substance has been very positive so far, it’s worth considering that coluracetam is a very young nootropic, and the clinical research on it is slim at best. While there are no indications that it will deviate from the racetam trend by being anything other than safe and non-toxic, it’s worth using some caution if you’re considering picking some up.

Final Thoughts

Whether you’re too tired to focus, out of imaginative ideas, or just not quite as fired up about creativity as you used to be, nootropics offer something to benefit you. Read up on your substance of choice, take the recommended dose, and see for yourself how quickly you can get that brush back in your hand!



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Top Nootropics: Discover the Top 10 Nootropics

Top Nootropics Reviewed

Nootropics. Weird name, right? Believe it or not, you may have used a nootropic before without even knowing it!

If you work in a competitive business or are in college, chances are you’ve taken caffeine either in coffee, energy drinks, or supplement form. Caffeine is the world’s most widely-used and recognized nootropic.

Of course that does not mean it is the most effective. Many individuals are just simply unaware that there are better ways to focus while working or studying. What’s more, nootropics are able to unlock your cognitive potential!

So What Are Nootropics?

This unlocking does not mean you will suddenly find yourself in the premise of the movie Limitless, which brought nootropics to the attention of moviegoers everywhere. These aren’t magic powders to make you a genius. However, you may find you make connections more quickly, words flow more easily, and your motivation to get work done more readily available and longer lasting.

The word nootropic means “acting on the mind,” and that’s what these supplements are designed to do. They can enhance memory, cognitive function, and learning ability if taken correctly and at the right dosage.

There is a lot of information and misinformation available via the internet today concerning nootropics, especially when it comes to what is the best.

Top Nootropics

Below are the 10 top nootropics. This list is based on the effectiveness of the nootropic as a whole, the efficiency of the nootropic’s performance, and its accessibility to consumers:

  1. Noopept – Noopept is a quasi-member of the racetam family of nootropics and one of the most potent nootropics of its kind. It’s available in capsules as well as bulk powder. It improves cognition and enhances all the senses as well as imparts a great sense of physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
  2. Aniracetam – Another member of the racetam family, aniracetam helps creativity, memory, and intelligence; it also has anti-stress properties. For many beginners looking for a first nootropic to buy, aniracetam comes highly recommended.
  3. Pramiracetam – Pramiracetam can brighten up the brain and is great for those who suffer from poor concentration. Pramiracetam works in synergy with various other cognitive-enhancing products, such as choline, and as such has a very potent effect.
  4. Sulbutiamine – This is a synthesized version of Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) that helps elevate mood. It passes the blood-brain barrier with relative ease and helps elevate mood.
  5. L-theanine  – Interestingly, this is a non-essential amino acid which is most commonly found in tea. It is particularly good to take before an exam or presentation as it lowers stress levels. In combination with caffeine, l-theanine can give a calm, focused energy.
  6. NALT – N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine or NALT is an excellent mood elevator which enhances well-being and combats mental fatigue.
  7. CDP Choline  – This supplement is excellent for brain and neural function. Many users opt to stack choline with racetams as racetams often use up acetylcholine within the brain which can sometimes cause headaches.
  8. Alpha GPC – Another form of choline, this is found naturally both in milk and in the brain and has a positive effect on cognition.
  9. Beta Phenylethylamine (PEA) – PEA or phenylethlamine is primarily used for mood and has an effect which you are very likely to recognize. You know those feel good vibes you get from eating chocolate? Well this works in the same way, just way more concentrated and enhanced! It also stacks well with aniracetam to boost cognition.
  10. Phosphatidylserine – This is found naturally within cell membranes. As a nootropic, it’s a brain booster and memory enhancer.

So there you have it, the top nootropics supplements on the market. This article should be enough to equip you with the information to research and to ascertain which one(s) are best and most suitable for you, your lifestyle, and, of course, your budget.

Using Nootropics for Motivation

Nootropic supplements are finding more and more uses in the area of brain enhancement. The term nootropic was originally coined in 1972 by Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea and is derived from the Greek word “mind” and “to turn”- a fitting description of the alteration that these supplements can accomplish in the brain.

Nootropics can enhance memory, motivation, cognition, attention, alertness and more. Although the effect of each nootropics can help boost motivationsupplement will vary from person to person, there is always a common denominator.
The majority of the nootropics produce some form of motivation but let’s take a look at a few that have been especially noted to increase motivation:


Sulbutiamine is a derivative of Vitamin B1. Because of its ability to cross the blood barrier faster than Vitamin B1, this supplement is stronger in terms of effects. Like thiamine, sulbutiamine works by aiding in the biosynthesis of acetylcholine and GABA but has a faster absorption rate.

Benefits of sulbutiamine include improved memory and stimulation. It has been used by athletes as a legal performance enhancer. Sulbutiamine causes upregulation of the reticular-activating system in the brain, which is the center of arousal and motivation.

Dosage of sulbutiamine is reported to be 12.5mg/kg although this may vary. Side effects include nausea, skin rash, headaches and anxiety. Thankfully there are nootropics for anxiety.


Aniracetam is one of the most common racetams and is a cognitive enhancer known to enhance memory and concentration. It works by increasing communication between the left and right sides of the brain. This boost increases creativity, perception, and more. This supplement stimulates the function of neuronal receptors by means of glutamic acid which aids in the memorization process.

Aniracetam is usually stacked with choline in order to reduce the side effects that commonly occur with the use of aniracetam. Dosage of aniracetam is 1500mg taken twice a day in 750mg doses.


Vinpocetine is a cognitive enhancer that works by increasing the blood circulation in the brain. This increase in turn increases cellular efficiency. Additional benefits of vinpocetine include enhanced alertness and mood enhancement. Standard dosage of vinpocetine is 10mg taken three times a day.


When it comes to the search for nootropics for motivation, there are no hard rules. The fact remains that everyone reacts differently. It is noteworthy that supplements that have been considered to be good motivators, such as caffeine and amphetamines, can in fact have the opposite effect. According to a report, these stimulants do not actually raise motivation levels especially in individuals who are motivated.

With this in mind, one should carefully consider the nootropics taken for motivation—making the wrong choice can have negative effects. The aforementioned nootropics are what have been recommended by many.

The Top 3 Mood Boosting Nootropics

Many people are looking for safe and natural methods to help boost or improve their mood. Whether this means combating mood disorders or to improve concentration and help with a loss of memory, there are a number of supplements which can help. It has been estimated that nearly 10% of all Americans have some form of depression. This probably does not even include those with mild memory problems or those suffering from temporary mood issues. Some of the top nootropic supplements, a few of which are also considered to be cognitive enhancers, may be just what the doctor ordered.


This is a well-documented memory supplement that is a favorite mood booster for many. One of its specific effects seems to be increasing energy levels, which helps to improve motivation. Users are better able to actually get started on projects and accomplish needed tasks. There are also more subtle (although still quite noticeable) effects on feelings of well-being. It should also be noted that not everyone will have these exact same reactions, so feel free to try one of the others on the list.


Many times, a poor mood is the result of chemical imbalances within the brain or simply an ineffective method of transmitting some of the brain hormones. A good example of this would be dopamine, which scientists believe responsible for mood and movement. Sulbutiamine actually seems to have the effect of increasing the amount of dopamine circulating within the brain. Many people who have shyness often also have low dopamine levels. Interestingly enough, there does not appear to be any kind of amphetamine-like stimulation as a side effect. You can buy sulbutiamine here.


This is another nootropic that is actually a bit similar to Aniracetam. Researchers think that they both effect dopamine and serotonin receptor sites in a similar fashion. Noopept is actually a bit stronger than Aniracetam, so it is certainly possible that one might be more to your liking than another. This supplement does appear to increase feelings of well-being and enhancing motivation. There have also been reports of some anxiolytic effects, although this does not occur in all users.

Nootropics have been studied fairly extensively, especially in recent years. There is also a lot of anecdotal evidence and user reports to indicate that they do have a positive mood-boosting effect. If this is something that sounds interesting, be sure to try one or all of these different mood-booster supplements.

Benefits of Sulbutiamine and Caffeine Nootropic Combo

Sulbutiamine and caffeine is a fairly new nootropic combination but seems promising. Sulbutiamine is a nootropic that is designed to improve your mood, boost your memory and give you an increase in energy. What makes this combination unique is that sulbutiamine has energy boosting properties similar to that of caffeine, but of course it is taken with caffeine which can give you even more energy and possibly reduce the effects of a caffeine crash. Sulbutiamine raises the levels of thiamine and thiamine phosphate esters in the brain, which results in increased focus and endurance.

Sulbutiamine Benefits

Scientific studies have also been done to learn more about sulbutiamine benefits. Research has shown that sulbutiamine effects people who suffer from asthenia, which is a medical condition where people experience severe fatigue and muscle weakness. This is because sulbutiamine helps aid in boosting energy and athletic performance. Sulbutiamine is also often added to energy drinks and studies have been done that shows significant increases in mental focus and reaction time performance. The sulbutiamine dosage that is recommended is between 200mg and 500mg up to two times daily with food. Anyone taking sulbutiamine powder or capsules should never exceed that amount within a 24 hour time period.

Another study done for mice was said to have improved memory by increasing retention, which resulted in increased performance. It has also been tested on patients with chronic post infectious fatigue (CPIF) with doses of 400mg daily, which noted that the group had significantly less fatigue than the group with the placebo. Improvement was reportedly noted in 91.37% of the people tested with multiple sclerosis, with 74.13% of them reporting that the improvement was substantial. In addition to improved mental focus and increased fatigue, there are also reported effects on the eyes and sexual performance.

Thiamine is known to be lower in glaucoma patients, with studies that show that thiamine injections increase visual acuity, and sulbutiamine is a molecule in which two thiamin (B1) molecules are bound together. The study showed that sulbutiamine was able to reduce cell death when cells were deprived of serum. Sulbutiamine benefits for psychogenic erectile dysfunction have also been noted, which was said to have increased performance. Sulbutiamine seems to have a lot of benefits and positive effects, so what happens when sulbutiamine is tied in with the benefits of caffeine in a nootropic combo?

Caffeine Benefits

Caffeine is also highly stimulatory and improves physical performance when it comes to both endurance and strength. It is also classified as a nootropic due to its mentally stimulatory actions and sensitization of neurons. When caffeine supplements are combined with sulbtiamine powder or capsules, the affects become apparent. It is reported that this nootropic combo will give you a high boost in energy, with significant increases in endurance. It has been reported that the crash that comes as caffeine wears off is greatly reduced, which is more than likely due to the sulbutiamine supplement that is added. This nootropic stack is highly effective and a great choice if you want to see improved mental performance and increased physical endurance.



Pramiracetam Review: Pramiracetam Powder vs Other Stimulants

When I first started reading about nootropics, I was almost certain that I would be a racetam non-responder. Don’t ask me why, it was just this feeling I had deep down, like I would take a dose and expect to feel something significant and just wouldn’t.

Ultimately, I didn’t want to waste my money; so my first nootropic ended up being Noopept and sulbutiamine since they are billed as some of the most powerful and effective nootropics. These weren’t bad choices by any stretch and were actually quite effective, but eventually I couldn’t help but notice racetams were a staple in the nootropic world, and there had to be a good reason for it.

Pramiracetam Review

When I finally decided to purchase some pramiracetam from these guys and try a dose, I felt its effects rather quickly. I will admit that even though it seemed like a fluke at the time (I was still paranoid that I would be a non-responder), it has proven to be incredibly helpful to me.

I have to admit one negative that hit me immediately as I took my first dose though. The taste of pramiracetam powder is really terrible, almost unbearable when just mixed with water (don’t even try it without mixing it with something). You’re probably going to want to mix it with something equally strong tasting to fight fire with fire, so to speak. Or, a better solution (and the one I prefer) would be to pick up some empty capsules or pre-measured pramiracetam caplets.

Being a fan of stimulant supplements, I’ve always wanted to ask for a prescription of methylphenidate, dextro-amphetamine, or levoamphetamine for some occasional, productive use in the gym or at work. However, I never quite pushed myself to go to the doctor, though, because there was a nagging worry about addiction and brain damage.

This is probably the biggest reason I got into nootropics: I was looking for an amphetamine like boost without the negative amphetamine like lifestyle. We can all use some extra energy and focus from time to time, but amphetamines can have some very nasty side effects and are known to be extremely habit forming.

Where I am Now

Pramiracetam powder (I’m now in week three of my routine) has proven to not only be an amphetamine alternative, but superior to them as well. Here’s what I’ve noticed so far:

  1. There is no crash and no compulsive element to its use.
  2. Pramiracetam has low toxicity and evidence shows it might even be an overall good supplement for your brain. [1]
  3. Rather than developing a tolerance like with many nootropics, I’ve found myself growing more sensitive to pramiracetam. Especially during the second week, 1600 mg felt stronger every morning, noon, and afternoon that I took it.

I used to take Adderall in my college days to help with papers and studying for tests, but I never felt good using it. Whereas a day of Adderall fueled productivity left me feeling a day behind all week, pramiracetam pushes my concentration and focus without ever missing a beat. When I skip a dose I’m fine, and when I take a dose its better than I expected it would be. This is the complete reverse of the narcotic side of amphetamine use and the best part is that I’ve never experienced any negative side effects.

Pramiracetam Powder Reviewed

If you have been curious and unsure about buying pramiracetam powder, let me tell you, it’s worth a shot. If you have been thinking about talking to someone to get a hold of an amphetamine prescription, I think the racetam family is worth looking into first. There are less (if any) side effects, it’s available over the counter, and best of all studies show that it’s safer for you than amphetamines.