Piracetam, Noopept, Theanine and Caffeine: Hack your Brain for Increased Productivity

You’re going to run a marathon. You’ve already decided. Well, in your heart at least, because you still haven’t gotten off the couch to start that elaborate training routine you’ve come up with.

So what do you do in the meantime? Dream up how great it will be when you finally run. The adrenaline as you pass over the finish line, the cheers from your friend and family, the pride that you’ll feel. Dreaming big will make sure that you act big, won’t it? After all, you need concrete goals to get anywhere.

Take those big dreams, toss in some supplements for focus, maybe a few more supplements for concentration, and you’re pretty much guaranteed to succeed. Right?

Unfortunately some recent studies indicate not necessarily [1]. One study had some participants envision a happy resolution to a crisis in another country, while the rest were just asked to state the facts of the crisis. When later asked to donate $25 or more, it turns out the participants who only recited cold facts were much more likely to donate.

The results were repeated in two more trials. One used similar procedures (this time related to donating time to a charity) while the other replaced stating the facts with imagining wasting time — establishing that it wasn’t stating facts that increased will to act, but it was positive dreaming that reduced it.

The takeaway here is that, to a certain extent, positive fantasies reduce the amount of effort you’re willing to put into making that fantasy come true. The downside is that it’s not exactly easy to quit daydreaming. Every second you spend distracted from a task is very likely a second you’re going to spend imagining how great it will feel once you finish.

Fortunately with nootropics, it’s not just a matter of you trying to force yourself to focus. By adding a few crucial supplements for focus to your daily routine, you can watch your concentration skyrocket. Less time dreaming, more time doing — what more could you ask for?


Start off your pursuit of boosted concentration with piracetam powder, one of the oldest and most widely researched nootropics out there. Before we go any further on its concentration-boosting benefits, take a moment to consider that piracetam also shows promise for positive effects on cognition, learning, and memory [1]. If your area-of-needed focus is academic or otherwise cognitively oriented, you’re looking at added benefits from piracetam straight from the get go.

On to its benefits for focus and concentration: Piracetam has repeatedly shown itself to benefit both, allowing users to participate in tasks for longer, less interrupted stints — it makes cognitive flow easier. Piracetam, an AMPA modulator, induces this effect by increasing the amount of oxygen that gets to the brain [2]. Communication between brain hemispheres is boosted, manifesting as a feeling of focus and clarity.


If piracetam isn’t quite cutting it or you’re just looking to up your edge even further, check out noopept. It’s actually derived from the racetam family, meaning that it has some similarities to piracetam. It’s definitely its own beast though, and you’ll find a clear cut illustration of the differences before you even start to read up on the effects. While a typical piracetam dose will run between 1 to 3 grams, noopept powder is about a thousand times stronger, working efficiently at doses as small as 10 mg [3].

This might make you think it’s simply a jacked up piracetam, but noopept has its own distinct effects. Noopept is touted for anti-anxiety benefits in addition to its cognitive gains [4]. The upshot of this is that you spend less time worrying — if you aren’t worrying, it’s a heck of a lot easier to stop working. Add in the facts that noopept has shown to be neuroprotective and that its effects actually build over time [5], and you’re looking at a very potent productivity aid.

Caffeine and Theanine

Last but not least, a knock-out combo that will see your morning coffee benefiting you in completely new ways. While both of the following are effective supplements for concentration on their own, mixing l-theanine and caffeine powder will produce a synergistic effect that goes well beyond what you’d get from taking either individually.

Theanine is actually an amino acid that you’ve probably come across before without realizing it: it’s found in green tea. Taken on its own, it affects both your GABA and glutumate receptors, and is well-documented for having calming, relaxing effects [6].

Caffeine on its own stimulates a whole slew of neurotransmitters, but leaves you feeling wired and sets you up for an eventual crash. Together? Theanine takes the edge off of caffeine, smooths out the comedown, and makes it much easier to focus. A trialed study found that participants on a combination of theanine and caffeine were much better at focusing on difficult cognitive tasks [7]. So next time you grab a coffee to give yourself energy boosts, add in some theanine – and unlock your full potential.

Focus and concentration don’t come easy, and even with nootropic supplementation require discipline and practice. With the right stack, though, it’s possible to “hack” your brain into increased productivity. Experiment with combinations and compounds, find what works best for you, and boot those endless daydreams out of your head!



Powerful Anxiolytic Nootropic Combo: Rhodiola Rosea and Piracetam Supplement Stack

rhodiola plus piracetam for stress and cognitionIf the stress you’re feeling these days is hindering your ability to focus your thoughts at work or school, know you’re not alone.

In a ComPsych report published in Yahoo Finance, it was found that 62 percent of employees at work have significantly high levels of stress that have them feeling out of control or extremely fatigued.

And if you’re a student, you most likely have a multitude of stressors coming at you from every direction. A full semester of cramming, researching, and test taking can wreak havoc, leaving many students with difficulty concentrating, sleeping, or staying motivated.

If all this talk of stress has you feeling more stressed out, there are two supplements that when used in combination can help you to manage or alleviate much of your stress and improve your ability to focus while studying or working.

Rhodiola Rosea for Stress and Anxiety

Rhodiola Rosea supplement comes from an herb that grows in arctic regions of the world and dates as far back as the Vikings who credited the root as a source of endurance and strength while sailing.

Many studies have been done on this herb and Rhodiola has been found to have the ability to fight fatigue, enhance mental function and acuity, as well as improve sports performance.

Rhodiola is classified as an adaptogenic herb which means that it works through the adrenal glands to produce adjustments in the body that combat and increase resistance to stress without unwarranted side effects.

Rhodiola has also been studied as a positive aid for mood problems; so when you are feeling the effects of a stressful job or the pressure to get the grades, Rhodiola can aid the body in its response to both physical and emotional stressors.

Piracetam for Cognition

Piracetam, which typically comes in the form of piracetam powder is a widely-utilized and highly-recognized nootropic in the racetam family. This popular nootropic works by improving the function of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine through ACh receptors which are used in the memory process.

It has also been found to increase oxygen consumption to the brain which translates to a higher level of brain functioning. Think of it this way: consider the way our bodies function when we are stressed out. We take short, bated breaths from our chest and before we know it, we’re exhausted, we can’t concentrate, and our heads are pounding.

The brain functions in much the same way. Without its proper intake of oxygen, it doesn’t receive or produce commands correctly and it certainly isn’t doing anything at the speed we need it to.

Piracetam increases oxygen levels in the brain, allowing it to function at an accelerated level without the jitters or excitability of other stimulants. It continues to be one of the most popular nootropics as a result of its long list of benefits and few side effects.

Piracetam is one of the few nootropics that has little to no adverse effects when taken for long periods of time which translates to no heavy let downs or symptoms of withdrawl. What more could a college student cramming for a test or a stressed out worker putting in long hours wish for?

Powerful Anxiolytic Nootropic Combo

Now combine the two. An adaptogenic herb that helps your body more effectively respond to both stress and melancholy alongside a powerful cognitive enhancer that increases oxygen to the brain for optimal performance and focus.

Both mind and body are addressed, leaving the stress behind and allowing your mind to focus on getting the job done.

Dosages will vary from person to person and Rhodiola can be taken from 150mg, 3x daily up to 1-2g (total) daily safely with no reported side effects. Most positive effects were reported when taken morning, afternoon, and evening. The suggested serving for Piracetam is 2g, 1 to 2 times daily.

Caffeine Extraction 101

Say you are looking to add a little caffeine into a drink or even into a cake or anything else for that matter. Sounds awesome, right? With a little know-how, it is easy.

Here we look at two caffeine extraction methods. Both these articles have excellent information on two completely different methods of extracting caffeine – Extracting (almost pure) Caffeine from Caffeine Pills and Extraction of caffeine from tea leaves.

Caffeine is a stimulant and is found within nature in both the tea bush and the coffee plant. Kola nuts and guarana berries also are a rich source of caffeine.

Caffeine is excellent for keeping you mentally alert and for warding off drowsiness. Most cultures the world over ingest some form of caffeine-related beverage or food every day.

Method One – Extraction from Pills

Crushing a caffeine pill may seem like the easiest option; however, it will not taste good. By extracting the pure caffeine from within the pill, it will be far more palatable. Here’s how –

What you need

A clean sheet of glass to work on
A mortar and pestle or a wooden rolling pin
Caffeine pills (any generic kind)
100% alcohol solvent
A pipette
A razor
An angled desk lamp


  1. Begin in a well ventilated area
  2. Crush up the pills until they resemble a fine powder
  3. Dissolve the powder in alcohol
  4. Let the mixture settle until it forms two layers
  5. When the alcohol layer is clear, use the pipette to lift and drop the solution onto the glass
  6. This solution will evaporate, leaving caffeine crystals on the glass
  7. Continue this process until there is no alcohol layer left
  8. Next add more alcohol and keep repeating the process until the caffeine crystals run out
  9. At the end, you’re left with your pure caffeine!

Method Two – Extraction from Tea Leaves

Let’s say you’re trapped in your grandma’s kitchen and you don’t have any actual caffeine pills, only tea bags. And you’re not thirsty. Fear not! There’s still hope, especially if your grandma has chemistry equipment. This method is more for scientists and science students than lay people. However, it still works.

This video demonstrates the procedure below.

What you need

Filter paper
A Separatory funnel
An Erlenmeyer flask
A Hirsch funnel
Tea leaves
Cotton wool
Magnesium sulphate anhydrous
Calcium carbonate
Petroleum ether
Sodium chloride


  1. Boil tea bags, water, and calcium carbonate while swirling the mixture gently
  2. Introduce suction filtration
  3. Cool mixture in an ice bath
  4. Add sodium chloride and twice extract the solution with dichloromethane
  5. Collect the organic layer and dry with magnesium sulphate anhydrous
  6. Filter and evaporate the solvent with rota-vapor
  7. Weigh and purify your caffeine

So here you have two distinct and different methods for extracting caffeine for your own use. Whichever way you choose to do so, do remember that pure caffeine is extremely potent and it is important to read up on the effects in order to know exactly how much to use in your drinks, baking, and so on.

Is it Possible to Make Up for Lost Sleep? Researchers Say No

melatonin and l-theanine for sleepGood sleep begets a good mood and a good life. However, sleep does not work exactly how many people assume.

A recent study from “…Penn State, the University of Crete, the University of Athens and the New York School of Medicine found that after a workweek of little sleep, sleeping in on the weekends doesn’t seem to improve the performance of your brain.”

If you are run ragged during the week, the weekend of extra rest does nothing to help your body. Therefore, it is imperative to have a good night’s sleep EVERY night of the week.

There is no such thing as catching up on sleep.

Fortunately, the supplement stack of Melatonin and L-Theanine has been shown to have a number of excellent benefits related to relaxation and sleep.

Both of these supplements actually have a distinct and specific role, such that when combined they fit together almost perfectly. Using this stack to help with relaxation and sleep is like a good one-two punch. Let’s take a closer look at how both operate.

What You Need to Know About Melatonin

Melatonin is an interesting hormone which occurs naturally in many different living things including humans, animals, and even plants. Basically, this substance is produced by your pineal gland and is used to help signal when it is time to sleep and wake. This hormone controls and regulates our sleep cycle to a very high degree.

The problem, of course, is that many times we tend to damage how Melatonin works.

For example, sleeping with the light on is very detrimental to the proper functioning of this hormone. It is also why sometimes just laying in a completely dark room (even in the middle of the day) can help to make us tired.

Oftentimes, our Melatonin levels become depressed and do not function properly. This depression is an excellent reason to consider supplementation. It does not take long to re-build the proper levels of Melatonin.

What You Need to Know About L-Theanine

This supplement is a naturally-occurring amino acid that is normally found in green tea. It is also a form of Glutamic Acid that is capable of increasing alpha waves in the brain.

These types of brain waves are thought to promote a feeling of relaxed alertness. This relaxed alertness is also thought to help benefit cognition and mental functioning, support healthy blood pressure, and even lead to immune system benefits.

Someone who also uses stimulants like caffeine will find extra benefits from L-Theanine. This supplement actually helps to reduce that jittery and over-wired feeling that results from a number of chemical and natural stimulants. At the same time, it also enhances the cognitive and mental benefits derived from many of those stimulants.

Why This Stack Will Work For You

When used in combination, these supplements work together very nicely. The L-Theanine will serve to help your body calm itself down and relax. At the same time, you will still find yourself with a lot of mental power and brain energy.

Then, after your body is winding down and becoming more and more relaxed, the Melatonin hits.

The Melatonin will then signal your body that it is time for sleep. Since you have already been pre-relaxing (take the L-Theanine about an hour or so ahead of the Melatonin for best results), you should fall asleep much quicker and even have better sleep quality; you will wake feeling more refreshed.


For more information on sleep and how it affects the body, check out the study mentioned above!

Omega-3 Fish Oil for Boosting Mood

fish oil to boost moodNot everyone realizes that fats, more specifically fatty acids, are essential to good health. Yes, contrary to the popular opinion today that anything with fat in it is bad, you do need fatty acids in your diet in order to be in good health. Additionally, since fats are considered to be essential, the body cannot produce them on its own. These ingredients must be obtained through our food or supplementation. It is also interesting to note that evidence has been emerging showing that these oils can also help to boost our mood.

Omega-‘s and Mood:

We all know that sadness is a serious problem in our society. Those who suffer from poor mood spend lots of time seeking a way to boost mood. Omega-3 shows promise in this area. A British study used EFA, one of the best-known Omega-3s, to help deal with mood. After three months, over two-thirds of the treated group reported at least a 50 percent reduction in their sadness. This improvement was particularly true in the areas of sadness and pessimism, inability to work, sleeplessness, and low libido. If this supplement can work for them, it certainly can help an otherwise healthy person.

Important Role in Brain Health:

Most people have probably never realized but the nervous system is made up of mainly fats. All of the nerve impulses and signals that run across our bodies are sheathed in fat. And Omega-3 essential fatty acids are the basic building blocks of the brain. Neuronal cell membranes are about 20 percent fatty acids. Not only that, but they also appear to be critical at keeping the nerve signals and impulses working.

Although it is difficult to pinpoint exact mechanisms of action, it would appear that these fatty acids also help to maintain proper function of the brain and nervous system. Certainly, this maintenance can help to boost our mood, especially if we have been feeling a little “low” or “off.” Not only that, but it also may help your heart health. Plus, it has the effect of helping to reduce your “bad” cholesterol. As our bodily systems and functions become more efficient, our mood improves.

Top 4 Nootropics: Nootropic Stack for Studying

Finals can be stressful, a nootropic stack for studying can helpIf you are returning to college then you know tough work is ahead. Sure, there will be old friends to hang out with and new friends to meet, but also a lot of studying and work and going to classes.The demands placed upon your time and mental and physical energy can be intense.

In many cases, these demands can cause diet and even sleep schedules to suffer. Fortunately, a category of supplements known as Nootropics can help to improve your memory and mental function. The following is a great, perhaps the best, nootropic stack for studying.

Alpha GPC:

The first brain boosting supplement is Alpha GPC. The purpose of this supplement is to boost levels of Acetylcholine within the brain. Acetylcholine is a powerful neurotransmitter that is believed to play a vital role in memory formation, learning capacity, and a number of other mental and cognitive processes. Not only that, but it also helps to make the other components of this stack even more effective. Take up to 600mg daily.


L-Theanine is a great supplement to improve focus and leads to a relaxed and almost meditative state. If you are a coffee or other caffeine drinker, this one will help to relieve all of the jitters normally felt from those types of products and replace it with a clean and simple type of focus. Basically, this supplement helps to smooth out brain waves and allows you to relax much easier. Take up to 200mg daily.


One of the premier members of the Racetam family of Nootropic supplements, Pramiracetam is an incredibly powerful memory booster. Using this supplement will also help with studying and can even be used up to twice a day. Take 300 to 600mg daily (one or two doses). A little experimentation can determine which type of dosing schedule works best for your body chemistry.


The last member of this stack can vary, depending on what you are studying or if you were looking for a certain type of help.


Oxiracetam is known as a logic booster. It is incredibly helpful when studying or learning literal or logical based subjects like economics, math, and number based concepts. Facts and figures seem to come much more easily as well. Take 750 to 1500mg on days when it is needed.


Aniracetam is used more to help with figurative and creative types of thinking. This supplement is good for subjects like English and writing. You will find new ideas and thoughts just flowing more or less freely.

Theanine and GABA Combo

Are you looking for ways to help reduce stress? The good news is that there are a number of amazing, legal supplements that can work for you. You can eliminate your social or general worry and even reduce stress levels. Two of the most effective of these supplements are Theanine and GABA.

Theanine Benefits:

Theanine is the active ingredient found in tea, especially green tea. Theanine actually has a very soothing and calming effect on both mind and body. It is also the main reason why tea does not make someone nervous or jittery (unlike coffee) despite the fact that it contains a fair amount of caffeine. Another major benefit of Theanine is the fact that it helps to even out alpha brain waves. These are the signals that the brain produces when it needs the body to relax. They are excellent for achieving states of calm.

GABA Benefits:

GABA is a neurotransmitter that is produced within the brain. In fact, it is regarded as the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter within the human body. What this function really means is that it helps the brain to relax. It attacks the neurons and receptor sites which are constantly firing or sending signals. This attacking helps to combat a state known as excitability within the brain.

GABA can also be considered as a sleep aid. Many people have difficulty falling asleep which might be due to an over abundance of stress. There have actually been a number of studies linking sleep problems to low levels of GABA within the brain.

Stacking Theanine and GABA Supplements:

Stacking both of these supplements together is a great way to really help both your mind and body relax. Theanine and GABA both attack the issue of relaxation from different angles but the key is that they are both effective. Theanine works by evening out the brain waves and other chemical signals. GABA actually goes in and targets various neurons and neurotransmitter receptor sites to make neuronal firing impossible.

When these two supplements are stacked together it helps to fight off stress, anxiety, and promote improved sleep. These effects will certainly help many people in their daily lives, especially when it is realized that these supplements are both safe, natural substances. Not only this, but they also lead to a feeling of improved focus and intense mental alertness.

GABA vs. Phenibut—Which Actually Affects the Body’s GABA More?

GABA is considered to be the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter within the human body. It is responsible for slowing things down and helping to calm our mind and body. GABA is an essential chemical with a number of benefits. Another supplement known as Phenibut is also thought to act as a precursor to GABA. Although both are very effective, ultimately the real goal is to increase the level of GABA circulating in the brain and body. Which one is more effective as a supplement?

What is Phenibut?

Phenibut is a supplement that was developed in Russia during the Cold War. The timing is one of the reasons why it has escaped the attention of western research for so long. In fact, this supplement has been in widespread use throughout Russia and Eastern Europe since the 1970s. It is also part of the required pack for Russian cosmonauts.

In terms of structure, Phenibut is quite similar to GABA. The main difference is that its creators added a Phenyl ring of molecules to the GABA. This addition changed it into a different compound with one incredible benefit—it is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier quite easily, something which natural GABA is not able to do.

Phenibut Powder Benefits:

The essential benefit of Phenibut Powder is that it absorbs into the bloodstream rather quickly and then enters into the central nervous system by crossing over the aforementioned blood-brain barrier. As it is then transformed into GABA, it has the effect of exerting an overall calm to the brain and body. You will feel the stress just melting away.

GABA Benefits:

Of course, GABA that is actually in the brain is capable of helping you to relax. This relaxation includes lower levels of stress, nervousness, and possibly even feelings of sadness. Overall mood will be enhanced. It is easier to fall asleep and wake up feeling refreshed.

Conclusion—GABA vs. Phenibut:

Assuming the main goal is to actually increase the level of GABA circulating within the brain, then there is no question that Phenibut is a better supplement. As a direct supplement, GABA is simply not able to cross over the blood-brain barrier and enter into the central nervous system.

Powdered Tea vs Tea Leaves

powedered tea vs tea leavesTea is one of the most often used and consumed products in the entire world. This leaf, plant, or drink (depending upon your perspective) comes in a tremendous variety of leaves, plants, and other forms. People can choose to drink instant tea, tea concentrate, or even brew their own tea from leaves. Recently, there has been a surge in the popularity of powdered tea. This has led to a number of questions about the differences between powdered tea and tea leaves. Which is better in terms of normal health benefits?

Types of Teas:

There are so many different types of tea that it can boggle the mind. The tea bags that you typically find in a local grocery store are usually leaves that have been chopped up and are then quickly bagged to be brewed later. After use, they are typically discarded. Tea can come from green tea plants, black tea plants, and many more varieties.

There are also a number of differences in how different types of teas are prepared. In Japan, the leaves or bags are steamed. On the other hand, the Chinese method is to pan fry the leaves and other parts of the plant.

Powdered Tea:

Tea powder could really be any type of tea and come from any part of the tea plant. In this situation, the entire plant, and all the leaves and stems are chopped and then ground into a fine powder. Some types of powdered teas undergo a different type of grinding process that incorporates air and causes friction. This results in a tea that is darker and almost cooked.

Of course, powdered tea is also packed with powerful anti-oxidants that help to fight off free radicals and help boost the immune system in the process. This formulation is also usually higher in caffeine than loose leaf tea mainly because the user actually consumes the entire leaf (albeit in ground up form) rather than just an infusion from the leaves. This type of tea can also be used in food itself. The powder can be sprinkled into normal foods and there are even specific recipes like making powdered tea flavored ice cream!

Tea Leaves:

When using tea leaves, the most common method is by an infusion. In other words, the leaves are steeped in hot water and the resulting liquid is rich in all the catechins and other beneficial ingredients found in the tea. If using the whole leaves rather than ordinary bagged tea, you will find this to be of higher quality.

Powdered Tea vs Tea Leaves

The ultimate question is: which formulation is better? This decision really depends on what you are after. The powdered form wastes nothing, so you receive all the benefits of your tea. On the other hand, tea leaves seem to have a taste which is slightly more pleasant and agreeable to most people. As far as health benefits are concerned, they are both powerful immune boosters and have tons of anti-oxidants.

Using Creatine to Counteract Brain Fog from Nootropics

Nootropic supplements, although being relatively safe and posing no drastic negative effects, usually come with a few side effects.

Although these side effects will vary from person to person, one of the most common is called brain fog. Many nootropic users opt to use a choline source to combat brain fog, but

creatine nootropic – creatine can have nootropic effects on the braincholine supplements can be very expensive (such as Alpha GPC, the superior choline source).

So what is the savvy nootropic fan to do? Interestingly enough, creatine can provide the relief from brain fog you are seeking.

What is Brain Fog?

This is one of the few instances where the problem sounds exactly like what it is: Fog in your brain. It is the feeling of mental confusion or lack of mental clarity. Effects of brain fog can include feelings of detachment and forgetfulness. Some people even experience problems with their vision.

Other symptoms range from problems with short-term memory to limited attention span. Certain individuals experience brain fog slowly over a brief period while others feel it progress very quickly.

What is Creatine?

Creatine is a supplement that is especially popular with bodybuilders due to its ability to supply energy to your muscles. Creatine is a natural nutrient that is a combination of three amino acids.

A creatine supplement is able to increase the muscle stores of phosphocreatine, potentially increasing the muscles’ ability to resynthesize ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process is especially necessary when the body has high energy demands such as during workouts.

Creatine can be naturally found in food such as fish and meat and in wild game such as deer, quail, turkey, wild boar, and the like. For an initial Creatine dosage it is recommended to start at 20grams per day (this is for creatine monohydrate, the oldest and most widely used creatine supplement).

Creatine monohydrate requires a loading phase; after that doses reduce dramatically. However, different forms of creatine have different recommended doses such as Creatine HCL, which only requires 750mg per day.

So why use creatine at all if it is purely a body building supplement?

Because it can do so much more.

Creatine Nootropic – Creatine for Brain Fog and Creatine as  a Nootropic

The use of nootropics such as the racetams (Piracetam, Aniracetam, Pramiracetam, etc.) may cause brain fog in some cases. Users attribute this to the lack of balance in diet and dosage when taking these supplements. One can become overdosed or experience negative side effects including brain fog if the food consumption is not monitored.

In effect, high doses of nootropics pull you further away from your normal ATP consumption rate. In order to maintain balance, your ATP intake should be able to keep up with your ATP consumption.

As mentioned, creatine is known to increase the ATP in the body which makes it a favorite among nootropic stacks. By aiding in the production of ATP, creatine is able to block negative effects and act as a nootropic itself.

A study conducted on 45 vegetarian subjects with the purpose of isolating the effect of the supplement with natural creatine in meat found improvement in what is called fluid intelligence (the ability to find meaning in confusion, make connections and solve problems). This intelligence is the opposite of crystallized intelligence which includes ability to add, tie shoelaces, and the like. This increase in fluid intelligence is a major factor in counteracting brain fog.

In addition to creatine brain fog uses, creatine has some nootropic properties of its own. Creatine acts as a neuroprotectant, meaning it protects brain cells from damage. Specifically, creatine protects against excitotoxicity, which causes damage to nerve cells potentially even killing them from excessive stimulation by certain neurotransmitters.

If you find yourself suffering from brain fog and you don’t have the cash to spend on Alpha GPC, creatine is an excellent alternative for you.